Hepatitis B is a kind of serious liver infection which is caused by the virus of the same name. To some, this infection becomes chronic and it can last for a couple of months. Having chronic Hepatitis B can increase the risk of liver failure or cirrhosis of liver. This can permanently scar the liver.
In case of chronic infections, one can go for hepatitis b treatment hospitals when the signs and symptoms are severe. It affects the children and the infants most. There is a vaccine which can prevent hepatitis B but still one has to look out for the symptoms if one gets infected anyway:
They can vary from mild to severe. They mostly appear during one to four months after one is being infected and one can also see them as early as just a week after the infection. Here are some major symptoms that one can see:
- Abdominal pain
- Dark urine
- Loss of appetite
- Joint pain
- Weakness and fatigue
- Nausea and vomiting
- Yellowing of your skin and the whites of your eyes (jaundice)
If one already knows that they have been exposed to the hepatitis B infection then they must contact the doctors immediately. There are many preventive treatment which can reduce the risk of infection. Now, what can be the causes of this disease? Well, as it has been mentioned above that it is caused by the virus of the same name and it can pass from one person to another through blood, body fluids or through semen. This never spreads through sneezing or coughing.
Common ways that HBV can spread are:
- Through sexual contact. One can get them while having unprotected sex with someone who has already been infected. This virus can pass through blood, saliva or through semen and enter the other person’s body.
- It can happen through the sharing of needles. This disease can easily spread through syringes and needles contaminated with infected blood. Sharing any IV drug paraphernalia can put one through some high risks of hepatitis B.
- It can also spread from mother to child. Pregnant women who get infected by hepatitis B can pass the virus to their yet to be born babies during the time of child birth. But in that cases the newborn needs to be vaccinated immediately.
Hepatitis B infection may be either short- lived (acute) or long lasting (chronic). In case of acute ones, it can last for almost 6 months and this mostly happens in case of adults. This can lead to chronic infections. The chronic ones lasts more than 6 months and this is mainly because the immunity system of an individual cannot fight off the infection. It can lead to complicated diseases like cirrhosis of liver or liver cancer.
One can look for best hospital hepatitis B treatment and get medical attention from there, once they find out any visible symptoms. The faster one starts on their treatment the better they can come out of it.