Science and medicine have allowed the development of novel hair transplant techniques in recent times that allow natural results to be obtained. In this way, those who suffer from this condition have an effective and quite economical solution to the problem of baldness. In this regard, some studies have indicated a large increase in the number of hair transplants worldwide. Thus, this figure has risen by approximately 80% during the last decade.
Follicular Unit Extraction
The method in which the extraction of the follicular units is performed one by one directly from the donor area of the patient is known as FUE by its acronym in English (Follicular Unit Extraction) and the placement in the receiving area of the patient is performed by micro incisions where follicular units are placed. To do this, the ‘micro punch’ is used, a cylindrical scalpel whose diameter varies depending on the hair that has the follicular unit to be extracted, the orientation and depth of the epidermis.
Follicular Unit Strip Surgery
It is a technique that requires technological innovation and a high number of experts per session, but that allows transplanting more hair. Up to 3000 follicular units, this can have between one and five hairs each section. The ‘FUSS’ or ‘Follicular Unit Strip Surgery’ consists of the extraction of a skin and hair market, from which the follicular units are obtained, with a variable size depending on the degree of alopecia of the patient but with a maximum so that there are no visible scars. Once the raw material is extracted, the follicular units are selected one by one under a microscope and then implanted in areas devoid of hair.
In the ‘FUSS’, the units of one and two hairs are used for the first line and entrances, and those of three and four, serve to give density and volume so that a completely natural result is obtained. The hair graft consists of extracting the follicular units from the areas in which the hair does not genetically fall out, the so-called ‘donor zones’, which are the nape and the sides of the head to later transplant them into the lacking or receiving areas.
The ratio of the Baldness Patients of Men and Women
Men have been the biggest claimants of the hair transplant in Amritsar, although more and more women undergo this treatment, according to this clinic, for the treatment of hair problems. The percentage of patients surgically operated in this clinic is 91.11 percent of men and 8.88 percent of women. The main causes of baldness are due, in 95 percent of cases, to androgenetic alopecia, which consists of a set of hormonal and hereditary factors that affects only the front and upper part of the head.
Although there are also other types of alopecia such as congenital and acquired; the first type is rare and refers to the absence of hair from birth. On the other hand, acquired alopecia has two variants: non-scarring, hair is lost but not the hair follicle and, in some cases, can be regenerated; and scarring, in which hair follicle loss occurs and can never be regenerated except with surgery.