Modern cars are impressively equipped with stability control, driving assistance and powerful engines. But, regardless of your car’s advanced technology, it’s always the tyres that connect you directly to the road, making their construction and maintenance essential for safe and effective driving.
Pay Attention To Tyre Pressure
The car tyres are a core element for the safety of the vehicle. Proper maintenance, allows the driver to maintain a better road holding.
Remember: it is essential to change your tyres accordingly for the summer/winter season. But, also to ensure adequate tyre inflation pressure.
Having flat tyres can be very dangerous. Numerous tests confirm that pressure reduction leads to:
- Losing control of the vehicle
- Shortening the tyres’ lifespan
- Braking space reduction
- Increase in fuel consumption
Whenever the temperature drops, the tyre pressure is lowered
The cold makes the air denser. Hence, taking up less volume inside the tyre and consequently, lowering the tyre pressure.
That’s why in winters you need to be more careful and check the tyre pressure consistently.
How can I inflate the tyres?
If the tyres are visibly deflated, or after using the pressure gauge, you realize that the pressure is too low, the tyres must be inflated.
The process itself is very simple. If you have your own compressor, simply insert it into the tyre valve, removing the appropriate cap and activate it. Check on the pressure gauge. When the necessary pressure is reached, simply disconnect the compressor and close the valve cap.
So what do you need to know? Follow these useful tips:
- Valve stems are essential. These small valve caps help keep moisture and dirt away, as well as providing an additional seal to the valve core, retaining air in the tyres and helping to maintain tyre pressure.
- Check the manual. Proper tyre pressure is important for safety, performance and fuel economy. It also extends tyre life by reducing the possibility of uneven wear. But don’t look for this information on the side of the tyre. That’s is where the maximum permissible tyre pressure is listed. The correct inflation pressure can be found in the vehicle owner’s manual, the label on the driver’s door frame, the glove compartment or on the fuel filler flap.
- Attention to under-inflation. Even when the tyres look perfect, they might be stretched only 50% of the actual value. Under-inflation can cause tyre damage and tyres stretched less than 8 pounds per square inch (PSI) can increase fuel consumption by 4%.
- The climate has its own influence. The outside temperature can affect tyre pressure more than you think. On average, experts say that tyre pressure decreases around 1 PSI for every temperature drop of 10 degrees Fahrenheit. The change of season is a good reminder to check tyre pressure.
- “All-season” tyres have limits. All-season tyres are designed for a moderate climate all year round. To deal with severe winter weather conditions, you need to install winter tyres.
- It is easy to check the tread. The tread should have a depth greater than 2/32 of an inch.
Lowered tyres: advantages, disadvantages and utility
Have you ever heard of low-profile tyres and their advantages? In the world of cars and tyres, this new tyre model is booming more and more, as it is beneficial for both, the consumer and the retailer.
What are they exactly?
To understand what low-profile tyres are, it is essential to make give it an introduction. Each tyre has the characteristics of profile height, width, and rim diameter. These parameters are connected to each other and this means that if one is altered, it is necessary to adapt the rest.
We take height and width into consideration: the height of the profile is the ratio between the height of the side and its width. This means that we are not talking about a fixed but variable data.
This is where the lowered tyre comes into play: it is nothing more than a tyre with a smaller side height than its width.
Low-profile tyres are often used in sports but also by car enthusiasts. Sometimes they are given as original equipment for cars of medium-small range.
Lowered tyres advantages
- Cornering stability: their low height allows for greater cornering grip, better traction and above all considerable stability of the vehicle.
- Greater grip on the asphalt.
- Possibility of mounting better and more adherent disc-brakes.
Lowered tyres disadvantages
- They are not the best solution to avoid aquaplaning.
- They do not allow comfortable driving since they are more sensitive to road bumps
- Greater suspension fatigue.
- They do not allow the assembly of snow chains.